Geo-Bio-sourced Materials - 28/01/2022
Matériaux géo-bio-sourcés, Filières et normes du sud de l’Europe.
À l’heure de la transition écologique, les champs de l’architecture et de la construction ont un rôle majeur à jouer, notamment dans le choix des matériaux qu’ils emploient. Ainsi les matériaux traditionnels que sont le bois, la terre et la pierre aujourd’hui regroupés sous le nom de « matériaux geo-bio-sourcés » apparaissent comme essentiels pour les concepteurs et praticiens contemporains. Bien qu’ils soient des matériaux utilisés dans toutes les sociétés humaines depuis leurs fondations, leur emploi en Europe aujourd’hui n’est pas une évidence ni un processus simple en raison des lacunes de filières et des pressions liées aux normes. Ces difficultés ont amené le système à des aberrations généralisées dans le contexte de la crise climatique. Il n’est pas rare de voir par exemple un pays possédant un matériau traditionnel en quantité suffisante être tout de même obligé d’importer ce même matériau d’un autre pays pour des questions de certifications. Cette session a, conséquemment, pour ambition d’échanger sur les problématiques de filières et de normes des matériaux géo-bio-sourcés à l’échelle de l’Europe du sud. Il s’agit ainsi de profiter de la richesse du réseau New Bauhaus goes South pour comprendre quels sont les freins et les leviers institutionnels, industriels, artisanaux et conceptuels à l’œuvre dans chaque pays.
Geo-bio-sourced materials, construction sectors and norms in Southern Europe.
At a time of ecological transition, the fields of architecture and construction have a major role to play, particularly in the choice of materials they use. Thus, traditional materials such as wood, soil and stone, now grouped under the name of “geo-bio-sourced materials”, appear to be essential for contemporary designers and practitioners. Although they are materials used in all human societies since their foundations, their use today in Europe is not an obvious nor a simple process because of the lack in these sectors and the pressures related to standards. These difficulties have led the system to widespread aberrations in the context of the climate crisis. It is not uncommon to see, for example, a country with a sufficient quantity of a traditional material being forced to import the same material from another country for certification purposes. This session therefore aims to exchange on the issues of sectors and norms of geo-bio-sourced materials at the scale of southern Europe. Thus, it is a good opportunity to take advantage of the greatness of the New Bauhaus goes South network to understand what are the institutional, industrial, artisanal and conceptual obstacles and levers at work in each country.
We find ourselves in an era marked by significant challenges and a growing collective awareness of the limitations of our planet’s resources, a reality which everyone must learn to accept. Earth, humankind’s home, requires a worldwide movement to accelerate the overall transformation that can ensure a better future. Climate change cannot be solely explained by natural causes, indeed occurring mainly as a result of anthropogenic causes.
Teresa Calix, PhD, is an architect and assistant professor at FAUP. She is currently the Vice-Dean and the coordinator of the research group “Morphologies and Dynamics of the Territory” at the Centre for Studies in Architecture and Urbanism. She coordinates the Dynamics and Urban Forms Research Line among the PhD Architectural Program. She is also the head of the course “Projecto 5” – urban design studio – and “Urbanística 2 “– urban theory – of the Integrated Master in Architecture.
She has coordinated several applied-research projects and her teaching activities are opportunities to deepen the relationships with institutions as well as with experts of several areas of knowledge that relate to urban and sustainable development. This approach has the ambition to help bridging the gap between students and professionals that will in turn help form actors in the field with a firm commitment to equitable and sustainable development.
João Pedro Xavier
Clara Pimenta do Vale
Débora Domingo-Calabuig graduated in architecture after studies in the School of Architecture of Valencia (Spain) and l’École d’Architecture de Paris-La Défense (France). With a specialized degree in Building Construction, she has practised architecture for many years, as an assistant architect, first and then founding her own office. In 2005 she obtained her doctorate at Universitat Politècnica de València.
She is a professor at the Department of Architectural Design since 2000. She held the position of Assistant Director for Research from 2012 to 2016 and was Editor in Chief of the “VLC arquitectura” Research Journal its launch to 2018. She is also a Research Academy member of the EAAE.
Her research focuses on the social consideration in architecture and urban design, particularly in the European post-war contexts of the 60s and 70s and with regard to changes in higher education and new campus planning.
Remi Papillault he’s architect from Paris School of Architecture with specialization on heritage building, PhD on urbanism from Paris Institute of Urbanism, PhD in theories of town planning from EHESS Paris.
As a town planner, he has done projects on heritage site like the Plan of preservation of various historical cities in France like Toulouse, Mirepoix, Lavelanet, Castres, Pierrefonds, and on the historical Toulouse le Mirail from Candilis, Josic, Woods.
As an architect, he has built a Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art in Toulouse, and design many public spaces in various heritage cities.
As a full professor Phd at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture of Toulouse, he teaches in master project and directs the Master Seminar “History and theories of the project.” As a researcher, he has published research and articles mainly on the heritage between city and architecture in the twentieth century, around the project of Léon Jaussely for Barcelona, of Candilis, Josic and Woods for Toulouse Mirail and Le Corbusier for Chandigarh, Índia.
He is the director of the collection « architectures » at the University Press of Midi,
Francesco Saverio Fera (Genoa 1962), Master Degree in Architecture at the Politecnico di Milano. As a student, worked in Ignazio Gardella’s office at the architectural competition of the reconstruction of the Opera House Carlo Felice in Genoa (1st prize), project by I. Gardella, A. Rossi and F. Reinhart. From 1987 until 1991 worked in Aldo Rossi’s office in Milano being involved in different projects.
Adjunct Professor (2002) at the Charles E. Daniel Center in Genoa, Clemson University S.C. PhD (2000) at the Architectural School of the University of Genoa. Full professor (2020) in Architectural Composition at the School of Architecture of the University of Bologna – Cesena Campus. Actually he is Coordinator of the Master Degree in Architecture (five years course) of the University of Bologna – Cesena Campus.
Mia Roth-Čerina, PhD, is an architect and associate professor at the Department of Architectural Design at the Faculty of Architecture, University of Zagreb, as well as a Council member of the European Association for Architectural Education. She has taught architectural design since 2001, won numerous architectural competitions and awards in partnership with Tonči Čerina, led extracurricular workshops exploring new modalities in higher architectural education, served as a member of national and international professional, public and faculty bodies, engaged as guest critic and jury member, written and exhibited on both her work and research. Her primary interests in both professional, teaching and research practices are spaces serving the public, particularly educational buildings. Since 2016 she has been serving as Vice-dean of international relations and art at her Faculty, during which time she has extensively worked on involving the school in the pinnacle of relevant architectural education discussions.
Riva Lava is Assistant Professor at the School of Architecture of the National Technical University of Athens with the subject Architectural Design and Heritage. She is a licensed architect and engineer (National Technical University of Athens / Cooper Union, New York) and holds a Ph.D. in architecture (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki).
She has lived and worked in Athens and New York City. She has received distinctions and awards in architectural competitions and has been consulting numerous city projects, combining contemporary living issues with heritage. Her research has a strong focus on moving populations within urban and traditional enclosures and contexts.
Dr Lava has taught and lectured in distinguished schools of architecture across Europe, the US and China.
She participated in EU heritage research programs for the preservation of Greek art and architecture (BYZEIS), edited the university textbook “Issues of Cultural Heritage” (2010), and participated at the “Architecture as Icon” project of the Princeton University.
She has published numerous articles on architecture and has produced a series of shows featuring urban aspects of Athens for Greek Public Television (ERT).